The extensive or complete loss of teeth may negatively impact on nutrition, the ability to eat and quality of life.
Acute necrotizing gingivitis/periodontitis is an important risk factor for noma.
Oral bacteria are associated with infections of the heart, brain and other organs.
Periodontal disease may be associated with cardiovascular disease.
Preterm and low-birth-weight babies:
Periodontal disease may be associated with increased risk for preterm and low-birth-weight babies.
Gastrointestinal and pancreatic cancers:
Periodontal disease may be associated with gastrointestinal and pancreatic cancers.
Can be used to identify specific markers of disease, such as HIV infection.
Stomach ulcers:The mouth may be a reservoir for bacteria associated with stomach ulcers.
Periodontal disease can be associated with diabetes and may increase the risk for diabetic complications.
Oral infections can be associated with an increased risk for pneumonia.